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Basic Raw Material Zones
Responsible agency
Department of Planning, Lands and Heritage

State Planning Policy 2.4 - Basic Raw Materials (BRM) indicates Key Extraction Areas, Priority Resource Locations, Extraction Areas and tenement information relating to the current and future extraction of BRM. 


It provides detail to allow land use planning to occur with respect to current and future potential extraction areas, illustrates potential land areas where applications may be made to extract BRM, subject to agency legislation, and to assist in the establishment of buffers and other sensitive land used decisions in nearby areas. 

Basic raw material covers a range of geological supplies such as sand (including silica sand), clay, hard rock, limestone (including metallurgical limestone) and gravel. These materials are produced relatively cheaply, with the major cost being the transport to the construction site. A ready supply of basic raw materials close to established and developing parts of the metropolitan region is, therefore, essential in keeping down the costs of land development and contributing to affordable housing.

Extraction of basic raw materials on Crown Land (National Parks, State Forests and other Crown reserves) are subject to Section 24 of the Mining Act 1978, and require the approvals of the relevant Ministers and Government authorities. Extraction in these areas is likely to be subject to assessment under Part 4 of the Environmental Protection Act 1986.

State Planning Policy 2.4 - Basic Raw Materials sets out the matters which are to be taken into account and given effect to by the WAPC and local governments in considering zoning, subdivision and development applications for extractive industries.

The objectives of this policy are to:

  • identify the location and extent of known basic raw material resources;
  • protect priority resource locations, key extraction areas and extraction areas from being developed for
    incompatible land uses which could limit future exploitation;
  • ensure that the use and development of land for the extraction of basic raw materials does not adversely
    affect the environment or amenity in the locality of the operation during or after extraction;
  • provide a consistent planning approval process for extractive industry proposals including the early consideration of sequential land uses.

The policy and mapping is currently under review.

For more information contact our office on (08) 6551 9000, or see

Date updated
27/11/2019 10:12:13