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Version 2 – 01/05/2020

Disclaimer of liability

This guide is produced by the Western Australian Land Information Authority (Landgate) to provide the community with a basic understanding of strata titling principles.  It is a general information source only, it is not legal advice and should not be taken as legal advice on strata titles. You should refer to the legislation available on the WA government legislation website  www.legislation.wa.gov.au

To the extent permitted by law, Landgate will in no way be liable to you or anyone else for any loss or damage, however caused (including through negligence), which may be directly or indirectly suffered in connection with use of this document. This general disclaimer is not restricted or modified by any of the following specific disclaimers.

Various factors beyond the control of Landgate can affect the quality or accuracy of the information and products. While every effort has been made to ensure accuracy and completeness, no guarantee is given nor responsibility taken by Landgate for errors or omissions in the guide. Landgate does not accept any liability for any loss or damage incurred as a result of the use of, or reliance upon the information provided in this guide or incorporated into it by reference.

1 Termination Overview

There are 3 ways in which a strata titles scheme may be terminated:

  • By application by a single owner;
  • By application supported by unanimous resolution passed by the strata company; or
  • By majority vote of a resolution passed by the strata company.

Where all the lots are owned by a single owner, there are no requirements for an outline or full termination proposal or a vote. The owner can proceed directly to an application to the Registrar of Titles to terminate the scheme, subject to winding up the strata company and obtaining a deposited plan approved by the Western Australian Planning Commission.

The termination process, except in the single owner scenario, is more than just a vote. There is a complete, transparent process that must be followed. If the vote is unanimous, there is no requirement for a review by the State Administrative Tribunal (SAT). There is a more streamlined process where the owners vote initially to support a unanimous owner-initiated termination proposal. In this case, they forego some of the protections. Up to the point of voting on the termination proposal owners can opt out of the owner-initiated process. This will require the proponent to commence the termination process again and provide the full protections. If the vote produces the required majority, but is not unanimous, the termination proposal must undergo a fairness and procedure review by the SAT. A majority termination proposal cannot proceed without an order from SAT, who can order that a scheme be terminated under a majority vote only if it is satisfied of three key things:

  • the termination process was properly followed, and
  • every owner who objects to the termination will get at least fair market value for their lot (e.g. apartment or unit), and
  • the proposal to terminate is just and equitable.

The Act provides extensive guidance to assist SAT in deciding whether the proposal is just and equitable.

Except for owners participating in an owner-initiated termination proposal, owners will have access to funding to respond to a full proposal and vulnerable owners will have access to additional funding and assistance to respond to the termination proposal.

1.1 Notice of Termination Event

A Notice of Termination Event is required to be lodged with the Registrar of Titles in a number of specified circumstances. A lodgement fee applies each time a notice is lodged.

The certificates of title of all lots in the scheme and the scheme plan will be endorsed with the termination event the subject of the notice. At any stage the termination process is stopped (either by withdrawal, unable to proceed or SAT does not confirm a termination resolution), lodgement of this notice will remove all preceding notices relevant to the termination process from all strata titles and endorse the cancellation on the scheme plan (on the Record of Strata Titles Scheme).

1.2 Termination of a Freehold Scheme

The termination of the scheme will take effect on registration of the termination by the Registrar of Titles. A proponent can apply to the Registrar of Titles to terminate the scheme if the proponent has obtained a WAPC endorsed plan of survey (deposited plan) and taken steps to wind up the strata company. The application must be made within 12 months of SAT confirming the termination resolution or within 12 months of obtaining a unanimous resolution in favour of the termination proposal. Note: The proponent can withdraw their proposal at any time before registration of the termination. Please refer to Strata Titles Policy Guide STP-17 in relation to plan requirements.

1.3 Termination of a Leasehold Scheme

A leasehold scheme may:

  • terminate at the end of the expiry day for the scheme (when all strata leases expire at the same time); or
  • be terminated before the expiry day of the scheme.

Termination of a leasehold scheme will happen automatically when the scheme and all the strata leases simultaneously expire. Termination before the expiry day of the scheme will always require the strata company to vote on the termination resolution and consent of the owner of the leasehold scheme (lessor under the strata leases). Information about how the expiry day for a leasehold scheme can be postponed is set out in the leasehold strata section.

The same termination process for a freehold scheme applies to termination of a leasehold scheme before the expiry day except that the consent of the owner of the leasehold scheme (the lessor under the strata leases) is required for an outline termination proposal or full termination proposal to proceed.

1.4 Expiry of a Leasehold Scheme

Every leasehold scheme will automatically be terminated when all the strata leases simultaneously expire at the end of the expiry day of the scheme. This doesn’t require the strata company to vote or have the termination reviewed by SAT. Certain documents will be lodged with the Registrar of Titles to show the leasehold scheme has been terminated because the strata leases and the leasehold scheme have expired. Upon expiry of the leasehold scheme, the person who was the owner of the leasehold scheme immediately before the expiry day gets the land back in the same title. Refer to section 7 of this guide.

2 Application for Termination by Single Owner or Unanimous Resolution (Section 191 or 193 of the Act)

The proponent can lodge an Application for Termination of Scheme by Single Owner or Unanimous Agreement with the Registrar of Titles:

  • if all the lots in a strata titles scheme are owned by the same person; or
  • if the vote of every lot in the scheme is cast in favour of the full termination proposal (i.e. unanimous).

This application is to be accompanied by:

  • the (unencumbered) duplicate certificates of title for the strata lots and leasehold reversionary title (if any);
  • Statement to Deal with Land of how each item registered or recorded for the scheme in the Register is to be dealt with;
  • Consent of the Owner of a Leasehold Scheme, if leasehold and applicant not the owner of the leasehold scheme (OLS);
  • Certificate of Strata Company – Termination of Scheme, where the scheme is not a single owner;
  • Statutory declaration that the termination proposal hasn’t been withdrawn and that there are no reasons under section 187(1) of the Act for the termination proposal to not proceed further, where the scheme is not a single owner;
  • Deposited plan endorsed with approval of the Western Australian Planning Commission.

Upon registration, the person who was the single owner of all lots in the scheme becomes the owner of the lot on the deposited plan or the persons who were the owners of the lots immediately before termination become the owners of the lot on the deposited plan as tenants in common in shares proportional to the unit entitlements of their respective lots.  Where the scheme being terminated is a leasehold scheme, the owner of the leasehold scheme becomes the owner of the lot on the deposited plan.

3 Application for Termination (Majority Vote) (section 191 or 193 of the Act)

The proponent can lodge an Application for Termination of Scheme if:

  • all the lots in a strata titles scheme are not owned by the same person for schemes of 5 lots or more; and
  • a termination resolution is passed by majority vote (the vote attached to 80% or more of the lots in the scheme is in favour of the termination); and
  • SAT confirms the termination resolution.

This application is to be accompanied by:

  • the (unencumbered) duplicate certificates of title for the strata lots and leasehold reversionary title (if any);
  • a certified copy of SAT’s Order confirming the termination resolution;
  • Statement to Deal with Land of how each item registered or recorded for the scheme in the Register is to be dealt with;
  • Consent of the Owner of a Leasehold Scheme, if leasehold scheme and applicant not the OLS; and
  • Statutory declaration that the termination proposal hasn’t been withdrawn and that there are no reasons under section 187(1) of the Act for the termination proposal to not proceed further.
  • Deposited plan endorsed with approval of the Western Australian Planning Commission.

Upon registration, persons who were owners of the lots in the scheme become owners of the lot on the deposited plan, as tenants in common in shares proportional to the unit entitlement of their respective lots.  Where the scheme being terminated is a leasehold scheme, the person who was the owner of the leasehold scheme becomes the owner of the lot on the deposited plan.

4 Variation upon Damage or Destruction (Section 166 of the Act)

Where a building is damaged or destroyed, the strata company, an owner or a registered mortgagee of a lot in the scheme or, for a leasehold scheme, the owner of the leasehold scheme, may apply to SAT to vary the existing scheme or substitute a new scheme. On lodgement of a General Application with the Order, the Registrar of Titles will make the appropriate amendments on the strata plan  . Should a strata lot be cancelled the appropriate duplicate certificate of title (if any) must be produced.

5 Variation on Taking (compulsory acquisition) of Part of the Parcel (Sections 167-169 of the Act)

The strata company, owner of a lot in the scheme, a registered mortgagee of a lot in the scheme or, if a leasehold scheme, the owner of the leasehold scheme may apply to SAT for an order to vary the scheme, or substitute a new scheme, where part of the parcel of the scheme is subject to a taking order.

The authority acquiring the land must lodge a redefining plan with the Registrar of Titles that complies with the Strata Titles (General) Regulations 2019.

6 Termination by the Taking (compulsory acquisition) of the Whole of the Parcel (Section 196 of the Act)

The Minister may in a Taking Order declare that the strata titles scheme is terminated on registration of that Order.

The Registrar of Titles will register the land in the parcel in the name of the State of Western Australia or other authority in which it has vested under the Taking Order.

7 Expiry of a Leasehold Scheme

Either the owner(s) of the leasehold scheme or the owner(s) of a lot in the leasehold scheme (if the owner of the leasehold scheme has not given notice) may lodge a Notice of Expiry of Leasehold Scheme for registration by the Registrar of Titles. It must be lodged at least 1 month before the expiry day of the scheme and not earlier than 3 months before the expiry day of the scheme.

It must be accompanied by the following documents:

The Notice will be lodged against all leasehold strata titles, the title for the reversionary interest in the land and the strata/survey-strata plan. Upon expiry day, the leasehold strata titles will be cancelled, the title for the reversionary interest in the land will be updated and the strata titles scheme expired.

8 Also see

- SUB-01 Subdivision

- STR-01 Freehold and Leasehold Schemes


This page was last updated on: 14 May 2020