DOC-01 Document Preparation (PDF & eForms)
Version 7 - 18/11/2022
Instruments intended to be lodged or registered in respect of land under the Transfer of Land Act 1893 (TLA) must conform to the requirements laid down in the Regulations to the Act.
In the interests of economy (for the client), time (for the engrosser), examination and storage (for the office) the practice of preparing multiple documents, where one will suffice, is discouraged. Those persons or firms using computer facilities to produce their forms may utilise adjustable panels to create more space for complex arrangements or numerous land items.
Proper use of the additional page (Form B1) will, in most other cases, provide sufficient space for larger dealings on pre-printed forms. However, there are occasions when separate documents must be used. In a transaction where a number of vendors transfer a number of parcels to a common transferee, separate transfers must be used unless each vendor has an interest in each parcel transferred.
For example, in a sale from A and B to C where A and B own the land in one certificate and A owns the land in another, two transfers must be prepared: one from A and B to C and one from A to C. If A and B own the land in both certificates, even if they hold different shares, a single transfer may be used.
The design of the computerised power of attorney register does not limit the number of donors in any one document. It is recommended that preparing parties show restraint in the number of donors appointed and impose the same requirement on the number of attorneys in one document.
2 Form of Documents
The Registrar of Titles is required to approve forms for use under the TLA. A list of Landgate’s standard forms that have been approved by the Registrar is shown on Landgate’s corporate website http://www0.landgate.wa.gov.au/titles-and-surveys/forms-and-fees/land-titling-forms.
Personalisation of forms that mirror one of Landgate’s standard forms - and only seek to pre-populate information such as lodging party details - no longer require approval.
New eForms have been created and approved by the Registrar of Titles in an effort to reduce the number of approved forms into multi-use eForms. The new eForms also contain the ability to draw land title information directly from the land register to reduce double entry and human errors.
The new eForms may not be suitable or flexible enough to suit all transaction scenarios.
3 Size, Margins, Quality and Binding
The standard size of forms (documents) to be lodged for registration is 297 mm by 210 mm in external measurement (A4). Adequate margins (a minimum of 5 mm) must be provided on all sides. Binding is not permitted on original documents and if more than one sheet is used, they should be secured by two staples in the left-hand margin.
Duplicate copies of any documents that can be accepted in duplicate may be bound if desired. The form should not be cut or trimmed in order to fit it into an envelope for posting. The paper selected must be of a type and quality approved by the Registrar of Titles (at least 80 gsm). Persons printing their own forms must ensure these mirror one of Landgate’s approved Land titling forms and are printed on both sides (duplexed)1. This excludes the electronic Record Interest - Mortgage (National Mortgage) form which aligns to a national standard and may be printed in simplex, that is, single sided. Care should be taken when selecting a font style and font size. Font size should not be smaller than 10 or 11 and preferably the font style should be Arial or Times New Roman or equivalent.2
2Sentence added 10/05/2022
The new eForms must be fully completed and progressed to the ‘Print Form’ stage, which will generate the appropriate QR Code barcode to comply with Registrar of Titles approved form standards. Printing form ‘Print Preview’ or other print options with result in the form not being in an approved format.
1Updated to remove the need to be printed in black and white 21/05/2020
3.1 Other Provisions Relating to Documents
Every document lodged for registration must comply with the following requirements:
- Handwriting, signatures and seals must be clear and legible.
- The use of black or blue ballpoint or felt tips pens are recommended when writing on or signing documents, other colours such as red or green should be avoided.
- The seal of a Corporation must be affixed in a manner that makes its reproduction by electronic or photographic process possible. The use of a black ink stamp pad is recommended. Failure to comply with this requirement could lead to rejection of the document.
3.2 Redacted Documents
Documents should not contain any redactions. The Transfer of Land Act 1893 makes no provision for redaction of parts of a registered instrument on the land register for commercial or other considerations. The key purpose of a Torrens System Land Titles Register is that the registered interests are made available to the public to promote certainty of ownership rights and interest in land.
4 Private Printing
It is important that all privately printed forms that are lodged for registration:
- mirror Landgate’s approved Land titling forms
- conform to the Regulations to the Act
- are printed on both sides (duplexed)1. This excludes the electronic Record Interest - Mortgage form and the National mortgage PDF form, both of which align to a national standard and may be printed in simplex, that is, single sided
- if the document produced is four or more sheets, the sheets are numbered consecutively.
1Updated to remove the need to be printed in black and white 21/05/2020
5 Documents for which No Form is Provided
Some documents to be prepared will not fit any printed form, either because the form is unsuitable for the document or because the document is too complex to be reduced to the panel format. These documents should be prepared on Blank instrument form B2.
6 Additional Pages
Where a panel on any printed form has insufficient space in which to place the required information, it is permissible to:
- use a double page form and, after inserting, see Page 2 in the appropriate panel, enter the information on page 2 of the form under a heading for that panel,
- use an additional page (Form B1) and, after inserting see additional page (number of sheet) in the appropriate panel, enter the information on the additional sheet under a heading for that panel. The additional page should be completed by adding the additional page number and reference to the document and date and be stapled to the front of the document by two staples on the left-hand margin. No signatures are required on the additional page.
Additional pages should not be used where another form can be successfully used, or the information inserted is not part of the panel format. This information should be prepared on pages of the same size numbered consecutively and stapled inside the document.
6.1 Insert Sheets
Where the printed matter contained in a form of mortgage is inadequate or partly inappropriate, additional pages may be stapled to a printed form. The Registrar will be satisfied if the clauses contained in the resulting document run in numerical sequence.
In most cases insert sheets of good quality white bond paper will be approved for multi-page documents. Inserts on sheets other than full size will not be accepted. Information on the sheets may be typed printed or produced by copiers that use unsensitised paper. All insert sheets so produced must be approved by the Registrar. Outside sheets for multi-page documents must be printed on approved paper.
All signatures, seals and initials, wherever appearing on insert sheets, must be original.
No binding is required on originally lodged multi-page documents, however conveyancers may bind the duplicate original of any documents (where accepted in duplicate) if they wish.
7 Basic Principles of Completing Documents (PDF)
The following is a guide to successfully completing a Land Registration form when a digital title exists.
7.1 Land Description Panel
The Land Description contains 3 components firstly the Lot on Survey details, secondly the Extent of the land being dealt with and thirdly the Volume and Folio details.
Copy the land description details as shown on the digital Title Record as shown in the First Schedule. The correct description of the land being dealt with must be typed or written in the panel provided in each of the forms.
The lot or location name and number (if an original Crown survey) or sub-divisional lot number with its relevant plan, deposited plan or diagram number. The street address of a property is not the legal land description and should not be used in the land description to describe the land. Examples of correct land descriptions are:
- Lot 1 on Plan 12345
- Lot 6 on Diagram 26789
- Lot M32 on Deposited Plan 123456
- Lot 2 on Strata Plan 123 or Lot 2 on Survey-Strata Plan 124
NOTE: Also see the section on ‘Estate and Interest’ regarding reference to shares or interest.
NOTE: Certificates of title that have been cancelled cannot be transacted on and the current land descriptions must be provided.
Part of the Land in a Title
When dealing with part of the land in an existing title, the land description must be precise and unambiguous. Particular care should be taken where part of a lot, being part of the land in a title is being transferred and that the extent panel reflects this requirement.
Partial transfer of land in multiple owner subdivisions
In the case of a plan of subdivision that involves multiple owners resulting in the transfer of part of the land in one title (e.g. Lot 10 on Plan 3130) owned by proprietor A to incorporate land owned by proprietor B in another title to form one of the new lots (e.g. Lot 2) on the plan, the land description in the partial transfer will read as follows:
All that part of Lot 10 on Plan 3130 as is now comprised in Lot 2 on Plan (insert new plan number) and being part of the land in title Volume 616 Folio 61.
The Extent panel needs to state whether the whole of the land or part of the land in in the certificate of title or Crown land title or Crown lease is being transacted on in the document. The words ‘Whole’ or ‘Part’ should be used.
A registered proprietor’s share in the land does not form part of this panel, please refer to the section on Estate and Interest panels.
Volume and Folio
The certificate of title or Crown land title volume and folio reference is located at the top right-hand corner of the record of certificate of title or crown land title. In the ELN, the Land Description will be obtained from the Registry Information Supply (RIS).
Whole of the land in a Title that has not been created (subdivision pending)
If the Application is being lodged in conjunction with an application for titles in respect of an endorsed plan of subdivision which creates the single lot to be subdivided by the community titles scheme (the parent deposited plan), then the volume and folio of that new title will not be known at the time of lodgement. In this case provide the title details (volume-folio) of the existing parent title in the Land Description to describe what part of that land is being used for the community titles scheme. For example:
- Title (volume-folio): 1500/33.
- Extent: Part.
- Land Description: That part of Lot 500 on DP123456 comprised in the whole of Lot 1 on DP789100
7.2 Sketches in Documents to Identify Part of the Land in a Certificate of Title
As a general rule, documents that contain a sketch to identify part of the land in a certificate of title will not be accepted. An Interest Only Deposited Plan (DP) must be prepared by a licensed surveyor to spatially define the land. The document makes reference to the DP number to accurately identify the portion of the land being dealt with.
Note: The DP must be in Order for Dealings before document/s are lodged. It is acceptable for drawings to be included within a document, as long as they don’t purport to define the area of land affected by the interest.
The following documents are exceptions to the general rule:
- Freehold Leases
- Management body leases and non-LAA leases over Crown land
- Simple bore easements between neighbours.
Note: While the above documents are exempt from having a DP to define a portion of land, a DP can still be created instead of a sketch.
A suitable sketch of the land can be attached to the document and must contain a notation “sketch correct” and be initialled by the parties to the document. Please note the following guidelines when a sketch is to be included within the document for registration:
- The paper size should be A4 as it will form part of the registered document.
- If using a copy of an original sketch, it is recommended to use a first generation copy to maintain quality and legibility.
- There must be sufficient dimensioning or notation to clearly identify the interest areas.
- A north point, scale, street frontage [showing street name] and heading [containing encumbered lot details (e.g. Caveat/Lease over Portion of Lot 1 on Plan 123456)] are to be shown.
- The sketch should also tie in by dimension to the parcel boundary (cadastral boundary) unless defined by permanent monument.
- A sketch can relate to a permanent monument (building) to define the lease/caveat area. The building does not require to be dimensioned but it must show the relationship to the parcel boundary (show road frontage-street name, north point, etc.….)
- A location plan depicting the building and lease area needs to be included to show the relation of the building to the parcel boundary and to also indicate where the lease area is situated within the building.
- Stippling, hachuring or identification by notation may be used to clearly define the area of interest.
- Colours must not be used.
- Aerial photography must not be used.
- Fax copies of sketches must not be used.
Conveyancers may, prior to lodgement of the document, obtain approval of the sketch from a Plans Senior Consultant at Landgate. Approval will be endorsed on the sketch if it is accurately and sufficiently dimensioned. A Plans Senior Consultant may be contacted by telephone on +61 (0)8 9273 7373 and sketches may be forwarded in PDF format to Plans.Consultants@landgate.wa.gov.au for pre-approval.
7.3 Estate and Interest
The estate or interest in the land being dealt with must be set out in the panel provided in the printed forms (where applicable). When properly completed, the panel shows whether the land being dealt with is fee simple, leasehold or a lesser estate and also qualifies the extent to which any of those estates is being affected, for example:
- fee simple in one undivided half share
- leasehold as to the interest of A as a joint tenant with B
Where it is necessary to show an estate or interest and where the printed form being used does not provide a panel in which to insert the required words, the words may be inserted immediately preceding a description of the land being dealt with.
For example: Lot 2 on Plan 12345 as to ½ share of ……. only or Lot 2 on Plan 12345 as to the interest of ….. only or Lot 2 on Plan 12345 as to Lease Z123456
For examples of Estate and Interest panels relating to Transfer of Land, see TFR-01 Transfers – common scenarios
7.4 Limitations, Interests, Encumbrances and Notifications (where there is one)
Limitations, Interests, Encumbrances and Notifications appear in the Second Schedule of the certificate of title. There are a number of Limitations, Interests, Encumbrances and Notifications that do not show on a duplicate certificate of title, for a full version of the certificate of title a ‘Record of Certificate of Title’ search is strongly recommended to be conducted before completing any land transactions document.
Where the land transaction form contains a Limitations, Interests, Encumbrances and Notifications panel, copy the Limitations, Interests, Encumbrances and Notifications as shown in the second schedule of the digital Title Record with the exception of subsidiary limitations, interests, encumbrances and notifications – for example, a Transfer of Mortgage is not shown.
Do not show in the document any of the following:
- The benefit of any easement or restrictive covenant.
- Subsidiary limitations, interests, encumbrances and notifications.
Where a Limitations, Interests, Encumbrances and Notifications panel doesn’t exist the operative clause contained in the document will address and Limitations, Interests, Encumbrances and Notifications. It is the responsibility of the parties to the document to ensure that any Limitations, Interests, Encumbrances and Notifications that affects the registration of the document is attended to before or simultaneously to the new transaction.
The Limitations, Interests, Encumbrances and Notifications to be noted in the panel on the printed forms are those which are in existence or will be noted on the Register at the time of registration of the dealing.
Where Limitations, Interests, Encumbrances and Notifications have been registered on the title before the current document to be lodged, it will be sufficiently identified if it is described by the nature of the Limitations, Interests, Encumbrances and Notifications document and its number. For example, Mortgage J123456 and for an easement or restrictive covenant Transfer K654321.
Where an encumbrance is lodged with, but in priority to an accompanying instrument, the latter instrument must show the Limitations, Interests, Encumbrances and Notifications by reference to its nature, parties, and date of execution, for example"
"Mortgage dated ..... to …..."
"Restrictive Covenant created by Transfer ..... dated, made between the transferor and ....."
Caveats which are subject to claim may be noted as encumbrances.
A current Property (Seizure and Sale) Order may not be shown as an encumbrance and must be removed from the Register before registration of any instrument, except in the case of:
- transfer by the Sheriff or a Deputy Sheriff pursuant to such writ or warrant; or
- transfer by a mortgagee in exercise of the power of sale where the writ or warrant is lodged after the mortgage.
Care should be taken where several instruments dealing with the same land are presented together for registration. For example, where a transfer from A to B containing a covenant is presented with a transfer from B to C, a sufficient reference to the covenant in the first transfer must appear in the encumbrance panel of the second.
Note: As a result of the National Electronic Conveyancing System (NECS), some forms which previously had a LIMITATIONS, INTERESTS, ENCUMBRANCES AND NOTIFICATIONS panel no longer do.
7.5 Names and Addresses
The true legal name of the registered proprietor/Applicant etc must be shown along with the current address for service of notice. In some instances, the former address as shown on the certificate of title is also required. Only one address can be shown in the First Schedule for the registered proprietor of the land.
For more information of name and address requirements see DOC-02 Parties to Documents – names and address requirements.
All documents must be dated.
The date shown in an instrument such as a Transfer or Mortgage can impact State and Federal Tax calculations or when interest or repayments are to commence, among other things.
8 Basic Principles of Completing Documents (eForm)
The new eForms are designed to multi-purpose with many of the forms containing drop down options. The eForms are also integrated to derive information, such as full land descriptions (Lot on Plan and Volume/Folio), registered proprietor names and addresses directly from the Register, thus reducing the need for manual entry.
The forms containing drop down options are generally forms that relate to Memorials and Notifications as the eForm will be tailored to the specific legislation in which they are required.
The headings for each section of the eForms are described differently to that of the PDF forms, this was to align the terminology/descriptions used across the Nation and in line with National Electronic Conveyancing System.
The eForms provide for ‘Add by Title’, ‘Add by Interest’, ‘Derive’ or ‘Add’ functions in many of the sections. Persons completing the eForm can chose to derive the information directly from the Register or manually add the required information. Where information is derived from the Register there is the ability to ‘edit’ the information if required, for example when adding a date of death for a deceased proprietor.
Each heading is followed by a icon, clicking or selecting this icon will provide a drop-down containing instructions on what needs to be entered (similar to the instructions shown on the lodgment page of a PDF form).
Where a field requires editing/updating the ‘Edit’ function must be used by using the icon. A pop-up box will appear with the appropriate fields to be edited.3
Where a derived name needs to be removed as they are not a party to the document or not to be shown in this field, then use the ‘Delete’ function using the icon.3
The Survivorship and Transmission eForms now give the option to change the status of the duplicate title from an ‘Issue’ or ‘Non-Issue’ title. The ability to change the status of the duplicate title was previously limited to a Transfer of Land (T2), Mortgage, Application for New Titles, and a select few Applications. Care should be taken as the eForm is defaulted to the Non-Issue option.
The Survivorship and Transmission Application have been designed to incorporate a statutory declaration where appropriate. The wording contained in these pre-generated statutory declarations have been approved by the Commissioner of Titles and Registrar of Titles, it may not be necessary to provide an additional statutory declaration where one has been pre-generated.
The Change of Name eForm unlike the Survivorship and Transmission eForm have not been designed with a pre-generating statutory declaration, so a separate statutory declaration will be required using the B3 statutory declaration form.
3Paragraphs added 18/11/2022